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有色金属(矿山部分):2019,71(6):69-73
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铀在地下水系统中的赋存与迁移
(1.(1. 东华理工大学 核资源与环境国家重点实验室,南昌 330013;2. 东华理工大学 水资源与环境工程学院, 南昌 330013))
Occurrence and migration of uranium in groundwater system
(1.(1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China;2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China))
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中文摘要: 铀是国家重要战略资源,对国民经济及国防安全具有重要意义,由于铀的化学毒性和放射性会对人体及环境造成长久的、持续性的、不可逆的危害,因此其在环境及地下水系统中迁移而引起的由点至面的污染已经受到广泛的关注,很多学者对铀的来源、在地下水系统中的赋存形态、富集迁移及铀污染处理等方面都进行了研究,且运用模型和相关软件来评估、预测放射性核素铀的迁移对人和环境带来的影响。总结前人研究进展,为铀的污染机理提供更全面的理论基础。
中文关键词:   地下水  赋存  迁移  影响因素
Abstract:Uranium is an important strategic resource of the country, which is of great significance to national economy and national defense security. The chemical toxicity and radioactivity of uranium can cause long-term, sustained and irreversible harm to human and environment, the point-to-surface pollution caused by the migration of uranium in the environment and groundwater system has attracted extensive attention. Many scholars have studied the sources of uranium, the forms of uranium in groundwater system, the enrichment and migration of uranium and the treatment of uranium pollution, and used models and related software to evaluate and predict the impact of the migration of radionuclide uranium on human and environment. This paper will provide a more comprehensive theoretical basis for the mechanism of uranium contamination.
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基金项目:放射性地质与勘探技术国防重点学科实验室开放基金(RGET1807,RGET1808);国际原子能机构协调研究项目(R21122);东华理工大学科研基金(DHBK2017136);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41662015)
Author NameAffiliation
ZAN Jinjing1,2 (1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China) 
DONG Yihui1,2 (1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China) 
ZHANG Weimin1,2 (1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China) 
LI Jiale1,2 (1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China) 
GAO Bai1,2 (1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China) 
CHEN Gongxin1,2 (1. Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology Laboratory, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China) 
引用文本:
昝金晶 1,2,董一慧1,2,张卫民1,2,李佳乐1,2,高 柏1,2,陈功新1,2.铀在地下水系统中的赋存与迁移[J].有色金属(矿山部分),2019,71(6):69-73.
ZAN Jinjing1,2,DONG Yihui1,2,ZHANG Weimin1,2,LI Jiale1,2,GAO Bai1,2,CHEN Gongxin1,2.Occurrence and migration of uranium in groundwater system[J].NONFERROUS METALS(Mining Section),2019,71(6):69-73.

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