张 权1,郭世钊1,杨金彪2,王道会3.云南岩脚铅锌矿床地质特征及区域成矿作用对比[J].有色金属(矿山部分),2019,71(1):72-78.
云南岩脚铅锌矿床地质特征及区域成矿作用对比
A discussion on geological characteristics and comparison of regional mineralization of Yanjiao Pb-Zn deposit in Yunnan
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-4172.2019.01.015
中文关键词:  兰坪—思茅盆地  沉积—热液改造  铅锌矿床
英文关键词:Lanping-Simao basin  Ssedimentaryhydrothermal transformation  Lead-Zinc deposit
基金项目:
           
作者单位
张 权1 (1. 云南驰宏锌锗股份有限公司,云南 曲靖 655000
2. 云南澜沧铅矿有限公司,云南 普洱 665000
3. 云南冶金资源股份有限公司,昆明 650000)
郭世钊1 (1. 云南驰宏锌锗股份有限公司,云南 曲靖 655000
2. 云南澜沧铅矿有限公司,云南 普洱 665000
3. 云南冶金资源股份有限公司,昆明 650001)
杨金彪2 (1. 云南驰宏锌锗股份有限公司,云南 曲靖 655000
2. 云南澜沧铅矿有限公司,云南 普洱 665000
3. 云南冶金资源股份有限公司,昆明 650002)
王道会3 (1. 云南驰宏锌锗股份有限公司,云南 曲靖 655000
2. 云南澜沧铅矿有限公司,云南 普洱 665000
3. 云南冶金资源股份有限公司,昆明 650003)
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中文摘要:
      岩脚铅锌矿床位于思茅中新生代拗陷盆地中,矿体主要赋存于下白垩统景星组地层中,零星小矿体赋存于和平乡组地层中。矿体主要呈脉状、透镜状产出,并受断裂构造控制,含矿岩性为黄白、灰白、黄绿色粉—细粒、中粒石英砂岩、岩屑石英砂岩。矿石中金属矿物组合为闪锌矿、方铅矿、黄铁矿、黄铜矿、毒砂,围岩蚀变主要有黄铁矿化、方解石化。区域岩石地球化学特征表明,盆地红层(T-E)中的Pb、Zn元素含量均较地壳克拉克值富集,盆地内红层可能为该区铅锌成矿提供了物质来源。其成矿过程为,在早白垩世,伴随碎屑岩的沉积作用,铅锌在岩石矿物颗粒之间初步沉淀、富集,伴随喜山期构造运动的发生、发展、深化,深部热卤水及构造热液在应力驱动下沿深大断裂向上运移,与所经岩层发生水岩反应,不断萃取所经岩层中的Pb、Zn等矿质,形成成矿热液,主要沿断裂、节理充填形成与其产状一致的脉状矿体,部分矿液叠加于早期形成的低品位矿体之上使之变富。矿床成因类型为沉积—热液改造型。
英文摘要:
      Yanjiao Pb-Zn deposit is located in the Mesozoic-Cenozoic depression basin of Simao. The ore bodies are mainly hosted in the lower Cretaceous Jingxing Formation strata and sporadic small ore bodies are hosted in the HePingxiang Formation strata. The ore bodies are mainly veined and lenticular and controlled by faults. The ore-bearing lithology is yellowish-white, gray-white, yellowish-green powder-fine-grained, medium-grained quartz sandstone and lithic quartz sandstone. The metallic minerals in the ore are sphalerite, galena, pyrite, chalcopyrite and arsenopyrite. The main surrounding rock alteration is pyritization and calcification. The regional geochemical and petrochemical characteristics indicated that the Pb and Zn contents in the red beds (T-E) of the basinwere more abundant than those in the crustal Clark values, and the red beds in the basin may provide material sources for the Pb-Zn mineralization in this area. The metallogenic process was that in the early Cretaceous, accompanied by the sedimentation of clastic rocks, lead and zinc precipitated and enriched among the rock mineral grains, accompanied by the occurrence, development and deepening of the Himalayan tectonic movement, the deep hot brine and tectonic hydrothermal fluid migrated upward along the deep and large faults driven by the stress, and reacted with the rock beds. The Pb, Zn and other minerals in the strata were continuously extracted to form ore-forming hydrothermal fluid, which was mainly filled along faults and joints to form vein-like ore bodies with the same occurrence. Some ore fluids were superimposed on the low-grade ore bodies formed in the early stage to enrich them. The genetic type of deposit is sedimentary hydrothermal alteration deposit.
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