初 征.东鞍山铁矿生态恢复效果研究[J].有色金属(矿山部分),2018,70(4):58-61.
东鞍山铁矿生态恢复效果研究
Ecological restoration effect of Donganshan Iron Mine
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-4172.2018.04.013
中文关键词:  矿山开采  生态恢复  环境污染  环境治理
英文关键词:mine mining  ecological restoration  environmental pollution  environmental governance
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作者单位
初 征 (北京矿冶科技集团有限公司,北京 100160)
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中文摘要:
      矿产资源的开发利用在促进经济发展的同时,也造成了环境污染和生态破坏。对开发的矿山及时开展生态恢复,对保护区域生态环境具有重要意义。以东鞍山铁矿为例开展生态恢复效果研究,通过对矿山环境治理和生态恢复,露天采坑、排土场的荒坡现已复垦成农田、果园和林地,净化了项目区的空气,有效改善了生态环境质量。另外,文中还讨论了矿山存在的生态环境问题,并提出了整改措施和改进建议。
英文摘要:
      The protection measures of mine ecological environment should follow the order of "avoiding, slowing down and compensation", strictly controlling the damage caused by the development and construction of mine, and carrying out the principle of "who pollution, who prevent and control, who develop and protect", strengthen the ecological protection and construction, and coordinate the economic and economic benefits. Therefore, in the process of mining development, ecological restoration should be carried out in time, green mine construction should be promoted actively, and the development of mineral resources and ecological environment protection should be coordinated to develop. Taking the Donganshan Iron Mine in Liaoning Province as an example, this paper analyzes the impact of mining on the ecological environment of non-ferrous metal mine, summarizes a series of ecological restoration measures, summarizes the advanced ecological management experience, and puts forward corrective measures and suggestions for the existing ecological environment problems in the mine.
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